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Religious belonging and religious demography

Religious denominations according to the Census of 2011

According to the population census of 2011, the main religious groups were Roman Catholics (62%), the Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession (5.9%), the Greek-Catholic Church (3.8% ), the (...)

According to the population census of 2011, the main religious groups were Roman Catholics (62%), the Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession (5.9%), the Greek-Catholic Church (3.8% ), the Reformed Church (Calvinist) (1.8%) and "no religion or faith" (13.4%). These figures reflect a decline in the proportion of members of mainline churches and a slight increase of other unrecognized members by the state over the past decade Churches.

Source: website of the Statistical office of the Slovak Republic.

February 2014

D 1 October 2012    AMiroslav Tížik

Population by religion

Population by religion 1900-2011 (in %) 1900 1910 1921 1930 1940 1950 1991 2001 2011 Roman Catholic Church 68,26 69,5 70,9 71,61 74,12 76,2 60,43 68,9 62 Greek Catholic Church 7,06 (...)

Population by religion 1900-2011

(in %) 1900 1910 1921 1930 1940 1950 1991 2001 2011
Roman Catholic Church 68,26 69,5 70,9 71,61 74,12 76,2 60,43 68,9 62
Greek Catholic Church 7,06 6,8 6,46 6,42 6,9 6,55 3,39 4,1 3,8
Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession 14,13 13,5 12,77 12,02 14,64 12,88 6,19 6,9 5,9
Reformed Church (Calvinist) 5,45 5,4 4,8 4,38 0,49 3,24 1,57 2,0 1,8
Jews 5,06 4,8 4,53 4,1 3,26 0,22 0,02 0,04 0,1
Other / without confession / not specified 0,04 0,08 0,54 1,47 0,59 0,91 28,4 18,06 25,4

Censuses of 1991, 2001 and 2011

(in %) en 1991 en % en 2001 en % en 2011 en % 2011-1991 Index 2011/1991
Christian congregations 700 0,01 6519 0,12 7720 0,14 7020 11,03
Apostolic Church 1116 0,02 3905 0,07 5831 0,11 4715 5,22
Czechoslovak Hussite Church 625 0,01 1696 0,03 1782 0,03 1157 2,85
Jewish Religious Communities 912 0,02 2310 0,04 1999 0,04 1087 2,19
Seventh-day Adventist Church 1721 0,03 3429 0,06 2915 0,05 1194 1,69
Old Catholic Church 882 0,02 1733 0,03 1687 0,03 805 1,91
Religious community of Jehovah’s Witnesses 10501 0,20 20630 0,38 17222 0,32 6721 1,64
Brethren Church 1861 0,04 3217 0,06 3396 0,06 1535 1,82
Methodist Church 4359 0,08 7347 0,14 10328 0,19 5969 2,37
Orthodox Church 34376 0,65 50363 0,94 49133 0,91 14757 1,43
Baptist Union 2465 0,05 3562 0,07 3486 0,06 1021 1,41
Reformed Church (Calvinist) 82545 1,57 109735 2,04 98797 1,83 16252 1,20
Greek Catholic Church 178733 3,39 219831 4,09 206871 3,83 28138 1,16
Roman Catholic Church 3187383 60,43 3708120 68,93 3347277 62,02 159894 1,05
Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession (lutherans) 326397 6,19 372858 6,93 316250 5,86 -10147 0,97
Neo-Apostolic Church 189 0,00 22 0,00 166 0,00 -23 0,88
Bahá’ís x x x x 1065 0,02 x x
Others – Brethren Union 116 0,00 0,00 0,00 -116 0,00
Others – Czechoslovak Unitarians 13 0,00 0,00 0,00 -13 0,00
Others – Czechoslovak Evangelical Churches 811 0,02 0,00 0,00 -811 0,00
Others - Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession of Silesia 128 0,00 0,00 0,00 -128 0,00
Others – Christian Churches 3625 0,07 0,00 0,00 -3625 0,00
Others - Non-Christian Churches 1491 0,03 1412 0,03 0,00 -1491 0,00
Others - total 6373 0,12 6294 0,12 23340 0,43 16967 3,66
Religious Affiliation - total 3840949 72,82 4521549 84,05 4100237 75,97 259288 1,07
Not specified 917835 17,40 160598 2,99 571437 10,59 -346398 0,62
Without confession 515551 9,77 697308 12,96 725362 13,44 209811 1,41
Total 5274335 100 5379455 100 5397036 100 122701 1,02

D 2 October 2012    AMiroslav Tížik

2001 Census data on religious denominations

The census was taken in May 2001, for the first time since the establishment of the independent Slovak Republic.
Census data on the religious denominations of the population were collected on a (...)

The census was taken in May 2001, for the first time since the establishment of the independent Slovak Republic.
Census data on the religious denominations of the population were collected on a self-assessment method, separately from other demographic characteristics. Each person was allowed (but was not obliged) to declare freely their religious denomination. The religious denomination of children under 15 was entered by their parents.
Compared with the previous Census that was held on 3 March 1991, the most significant shifts can be seen in items characterising the whole population. The number of people professing an allegiance to a church or religious group increased from 72.8 % to 84.1 %, that is to say 11.3 %; in absolute terms the increase was from 3,840,949 to 4,521,549, an increase of 680,600 citizens. If 4.5 million of the total number of 5,379,445 inhabitants claim membership of a church or religious group, it must be said that not only is religion not losing its meaning, nor is it merely holding its own, but rather its meaning is increasing.
On the other hand, the number of those that did not claim membership of any church or religious community, that is to say are persons without confession, has increased. In 1991 it was 515,511 persons, representing 9.8 % of the resident population, while after the last Census it was 697,308 persons, representing 12.96%, in absolute numbers this means an increase of 181,797 persons, or 3.16 %.
The formation of religious views and of attitudes towards religion is occurring gradually, through a return to roots that were restrained or broken during the period before 1989. It can happen through personal decision: individuals joining a religious community on the basis of their individual life situation and or a definitive rift with a particular church or religious community in terms of personal commitment and declared in the Census.

Public discussion on the new model for financing the church, and the ensuing following campaigns - especially of left-wingers - that preceded the census, and portrayed state contributions to registered churches as misspent, played an undoubtedly significant role.
Given that in 1991, 917,835 of inhabitants did not declare their religious affiliation, there was an issue as to what the number would be in the next census. Today we can say that it has decreased to 757,238, that is to say that there are now only 160,598 inhabitants left refusing to declare a religious affiliation.
There was an increase in the number of those that professed to belong to an “other religious community or church” (other then registered). It is now 6,294 inhabitants compared with 3,625 in 1991. Newly established religious communities in Slovak society may be responsible for this increase.
The increase in people claiming membership of particular churches and religious communities is because a large number of inhabitants professed non-established confessions in the year 1991. It must be related to the pastoral work of particular churches and an information campaign organized by the churches before the Census itself, as well to a process of internal commitment or rejection by each inhabitant, recalling the confession of their ancestors, or changing their religious conviction.

Difference Number in 2001 Number in 1991
Roman Catholic Church + 520 737
+ 8,6 %
3 708 120,
68,9 %
3 187 383,
60,3 %
Greek Catholic Church + 41 098
+ 0,69 %
219 831,
4,1 %
178 733,
3,41 %
Protestant Church of Augsburg Confession + 46 461
+0,7 %
372 858,
6,9 %
326 397,
6,2 %
Reformed Christian Church + 27 190
+ 0,4 %
109 735,
2,0 %
82 545,
1,6 %
Orthodox Church + 15 987
+ 0,3 %
50 363,
0,9 %
34 376,
0,6 %
Protestant Methodist Church + 2 988 7 347 4 359
Religious community of Jehovah’s Witnesses 20 630
Brethren Unity of Baptists + 1 097 3 562 2 465
Brethren Church + 1 356 3 217 1 861
Church of Seventh Day
Adventists
+ 1 708 3 429 1 721
Apostolic Church + 2 789 3 905 1 116
Jewish religious communities + 1 398 2 310 912
Old Catholic Church + 851 1 733 882
Christian congregations + 5 819 6 519 700
Czechoslovak Hussite Church + 1 071 1 696 625
Without confession +181 797,
+3,16 %
697 308,
12, 96 %
515 511,
9,8 %
Affiliating to churches and religious communities +680 600,
+ 11,3 %
4 521 549, 84,1 % 3 840 949, 72,8 %
Affiliating to other churches and religious communities + 2 669 6 294 3 625
Not ascertained -757 237 -14,42 % 160 598 2,98 % 917 835 17,4 %

D 3 October 2012    AMichaela Moravcikova

CNRS Unistra Dres Gsrl

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