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Financing of religions

There are three types of Church financing

1. An indirect financing through public contributions for places of worship, social activities, chaplaincies, religion teachers and religious schools.
2. A direct financing through the possibility Italian citizens have been given to attribute a percentage of their income tax (8 for one thousand) to the Church of their choice (either the Catholic Church or another church having an agreement with the State).
3. An indirect fiscal financing regarding the possibility for members of the Catholic Church and churches with this agreement to have a percentage of their voluntary contributions, to churches entitled to this system of financing, deducted from their income tax.

In general, public financing of the Catholic Church remains privileged not only because of the will of the people (8 for one thousand), but also as a result of the financing system for Catholic chaplaincies in the army and in prisons and especially for Catholic religion teachers in State schools, who are chosen by the bishops and paid by the State.
Furthermore, the difference in the treatment of religions with an agreement and those without is much debated.

D 27 September 2012    AMarco Ventura

CNRS Unistra Dres Gsrl

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