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Événements majeurs des relations Église-État après 1974

1) 1982 : Legal recognition of civil marriage as equally valid to religious marriage.
2) 1987 : The draft legislation concerning the partial expropriation of the monastic real estate property as well as the proposed innovations concerning the internal administration and the judicial system of the Church triggered a major crisis between the two powers. The outcome was actually at the detriment of the government, which had to withdraw the relevant draft bills and not put into effect its project, under the threat of the political cost.
3) 1992 : The European Court of Human Rights condemned Greece for violating the right of religious freedom in a case of imprisonment of three Jehovah’s Witnesses.
4) 1998 : The election of Christodoulos as Archbishop of Greece signified a ’fundamentalist’ turning point in the contemporary history of the Greek Church. Pivotal elements of the religious discourse : nationalism, populism, rigorism.
5) 2000-2001 : the so-called ‘identity cards’ crisis. The socialist government eliminated the mention of religious affiliation which until then appeared on Greek identity cards, but this was not without a strong reaction from the Church and a significant portion of the Greek population. The tension began in 1997, when a law according to which religious affiliation would no longer appear on national identity cards was introduced. Archbishop Christodoulos organised a protest campaign calling for a referendum to gather signatures demanding the optional mention of religion on identity cards, in the hopes of forcing the government into changing the law. The Greek president confirmed that, according to the law and constitution of Greece, carrying out a referendum or changing the legislation that eliminated religious mention on identity cards was out of the question.
6) 2005 : various scandals affected in a negative way the public image of Archbishop Christodoulos.
7) 2008 : election of Archbishop Hieronymus. Transition of the religious discourse towards a more conciliatory direction. Acceptance of minor legal reforms concerning religious education, marriage, or Church finances and taxation, without however substantially altering the institutional status of the Church, which is called the "controlled compromise" thesis.

D 22 septembre 2013    AKonstantinos Papastathis

CNRS Unistra Dres Gsrl

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