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Constitutional and legislative provisions

According to Article 14 of the Russian Constitution promulgated in 1993, "The Russian Federation is a secular state. No religion may be established as a state or mandatory religion. Religious associations are separate from the state and are equal before the law".
Among the fundamental rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution figure freedom of conscience, freedom of religion and right of association. The freedom of religious associations is thus protected by the Constitution.
The separation between state and religious associations is recalled in Article 4 of the Federal Law on Freedom of Conscience and Religious Associations (1997). It defines the legal content of the principle of separation between the state and religious associations and marks out the boundaries of their expertise and responsibilities.

D 2 October 2012    AMikhaïl Chakhov

CNRS Unistra Dres Gsrl

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