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Sociological and legal data on religions in Europe and beyond

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Chronology

Some key dates

200: Christianity arrives in Britain
731: Bede writes the Ecclesiastical History of the English People
1066: William the Conqueror invades England
1170: Murder of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury
1534: Act of Supremacy (separating the Church of England from Rome)
1536-40: Dissolution of the monasteries
1559: Act of Uniformity (Latin mass no longer legal)
1560: John Knox appointed minister of the main church in Edinburgh
1611: Publication of the Authorised (King James) Version of the Bible
1640s/50s: Puritan ascendancy in England
1688: ‘Glorious Revolution’ against Catholic King James II
1690: Status of Church of Scotland as national church confirmed
1701: Act of Settlement excludes Catholics from throne
1738: Beginnings of Methodism with John Wesley
1829: Catholic Emancipation Act
1843: The Disruption (division of the Church of Scotland)
1858: Jews admitted to Parliament
1871: Church disestablished in Ireland
1920: Church disestablished in Wales
1992: Church of England accepts women into priesthood
2004: Civil partnerships for same-sex couples legalised
2006: Inciting hatred against someone on grounds of their religion becomes a legal offense.
2008: Abolition of the crime of blasphemy
2014: Same-sex marriage legalised in England, Wales and Scotland
2015: Church of England appoints first female bishop

4 February 2016